For effective spraying of paint and a smooth finish to the painted object, we need to have an efficient paint mixing procedure. A smooth finish is obtained only if the color is mixed adequately before applying it with the spray gun.
It doesn’t matter how compelling the spray gun is until the color is thin enough to flow through the nozzle quickly. But the mixing needs to be in an appropriate amount as an extra thin paint could lead to reduced coverage of paint.
The paint should be promptly mixed to facilitate a perfect paint from the spray gun, and for this mixing the paint in an ideal balance is mandatory.
It sounds a bit confusing, how to find the perfect mix. Right? Don’t worry we are here to help you with this. But before moving further to know the steps for correct mixing we have to understand the articles that would be required for a right blend of paint to be sprayed from a spray gun.
The things you require for mixing of paint for the spray gun are:
- Paint– Paint of course the main ingredient for color mixing. How can we miss it? So guys yes the first thing is paint.
- Paint strainer– The next thing you need got color mixing is a paint strainer for straining all the impurities of the paint and makes a smooth and beautiful mixture of paint.
- Water– Water is essential to dilute or give more volume to the paint, making the paint easier to stir as we mix. It is also an essential thing for color painting through a spray gun.
- Paint sprayer– Paint sprayer is required for application of the mixed paint on the desired place.
- Sprayer tips– Safety measures need to be kept in mind because protecting your eyes is number one priority when working with paint.
- Test boards –Test board is required for testing the mixed color with the spray gun to check the consistency of the paint mixture for checking the coverage of the paint. Test boards are used as a tester for checking whether the mixture prepared is perfect or not.
- Safety Goggles– Safety measures need to keep in mind while working with paint whether it is flammable or not. While working with paint, there is a risk of paint getting into eyes or irritation can be caused due to color in the eyes of the person applying it. To avoid such incidents the person should wear safety goggles to ensure safety.
- Face mask– Another protective gear to make sure the person applying the paint with a spray gun or mixing the paint doesn’t get any damage because of the paint.
Read more: Who makes the best exterior paints?
Now Let’s Begin with the Colour Mixing Technique and the Points Related to It
Step 1 Choosing the Paint Type
The paint mixing hugely depends upon this factor of what type of paint is being used. The other ingredients mixed in the paint mixture also depend upon the type of paint being used for painting through the spray gun.
Different paints require different liquids for mixing and forming the right paint mix e.g. For, mixing oil based colors you need mineral spirits to dilute it whereas for latex paints water would be enough to do so.
And you should know that the paint thinners we use are made with mineral spirits only.
Paints could be reformed with other liquids also, but you should first stick to the manufacturer’s guidance and suggestions which vary from brand to brand and with different types of paint available. Even some colors could not be diluted with any mixer. In such cases the same should be mentioned on the packing of the paint.
Step 2 Safety Measures
When you work with paints, you should know that the paints emit various toxic chemical fumes which could affect the health of the person. To keep yourself safe from such things you should always wear face masks and safety goggles.
Safety goggles aid in protecting your eyes while spraying paint and face mask saves face from any damage and harmful effect of the paint being sprayed with the spray gun.
While working with spray paint, you need to understand that the environment where you are painting can help increase the overall quality of your work. If you are working in a congested, enclosed or tight place, you should know that the face mask would not work fully here, so you need a respirator or ventilator to be safe from the fumes or chemicals being emitted by the paint.
Step 3 Straining the Paint
While mixing paint, you don’t want clogs or lumps or any other impurities in the paint to affect the quality of the paint or any operational problem in the spray gun due to stuck clog or impurities in the house of the spray gun.
To avoid this issue straining or the paint mixture is done. Firstly the paint is strained into another container; the strainer would help in catching all the impurities or lumps in the paint and give you a smooth and subtle mixture of paint suitable for painting with a spray gun.
Step 4 Testing of the Paint
Before mixing the paint into a mixture with a thinner, checking of the spray quality of the paint is done. The paint is sprayed on a test board to check the consistency and how the paint sprays.
Firstly put a small amount of the paint in the sprayer container and spray the paint on the test Board.
If the spray comes out right and the coverage is perfect, then there is no need of mixing the paint with a thinner but if the consistency is thick and it is poor coverage paint then mixing is mandatory.
Step 5 Mixing the Paint
After checking the consistency of the paint and the required amount of thinner to be put in the paint to get the right mix, start with adding a small amount of chemical or lighter to dilute the paint.
Add a small amount of chemical or thinner which is suitable for the type of paint you are using the paint bucket and stir continuously. E.g., if you are mixing a latex paint, then you need to add ¼ cup of water to every one gallon of paint to get a perfect consistency. Next put the mix in the sprayer and check on the test board.
And if you are mixing oil-based paint, then you need to add a small amount of thinner to the paint as this product tends to make the paint much thinner than the water does.
Step 6 Adjust the Nozzle of the Spray Gun
Step 7 Spray Gun
Mixing of the paint in the right mixture is an essential aspect of smooth and good finish painting, but the quality of the spray gun also matters a lot. A good finish of paint cannot be obtained with a cheap or low-quality spray gun.
So to paint on a large area and to obtain a smooth finish and coverage but a good quality spray gun it might not be that expensive as it might cost you only $200 also as an alternative you can rent a spray gun from a rental.
Step 8 Cleaning of the Equipment
After you have tested your paint mixtures and mixed with different tips, you should clean the equipment thoroughly with a mineral spirit to clean them properly.
You should keep in mind while spraying the paint with the spray gun that one coat of the paint would not provide perfect coverage and to achieve an ideal coverage you need to apply 2-3 coats.
So this was all about mixing colors for painting with a spray gun. If you liked the article and if you have any query or comment, please let us know in the comment section below.
I am a licensed architect who is passionate about all things home improvement industries, I have been doing DIY painting projects and have developed lots of experience around home improvement over the 10 years.